The last story of this collection is The Dead. The year of 1904 was very tragic and difficult for James Joyce because his mother died. He visited his native Dublin and a loving family in order to see his mother for the last time. Her death influenced him greatly and caused a long lasting depression. All his pain, despair, grief, and disappointment of what he had experienced were reflected in his Dubliners and his last story, The Dead. The main goal of this paper is to explain Joyce’s attitude towards death, which is the leading theme in his story titled The Dead.
SEARCH RESULTS. YOU WERE LOOKING FOR 'The Dead' and Dubliners by James Joyce. In four pages this essay A 3 page paper that answers questions on James Joyce.
The Dead James Joyce Essays on the Final Short by Joyce
For the majority of the 20th century, women were viewed as subordinates to men. In James Joyce's short story, "The Dead," the author effectively uses the character of Gabriel's internal battles and his altercations with female characters to represent the clashing ideas of femininity and masculinity. Throughout the novel, his interactions with female characters demonstrate the toll that his ego undergoes. These separate interactions eventually lead to his breaking point which can be seen as the climax of the story; his epiphany. There are three main encounters that are representative of this idea; his encounter with Lily at the very beginning of the novel, his encounter with Miss Ivors on the dance floor, and what eventually took him over the edge--his encounter at the end of the novel with his own wife Gretta. From a feminist perspective, there are definitely elements in this novel that realize the oppression of women. As Margot Norris wrote, the text should be read with two voices in mind; Gabriel's "loud" male narration and the "silent" female countertext that does not succeed in making itself heard. However, what is not recognized is that while the female text is not emphasized, the actions and dialogue of female characters are the driving force behind the dominant male narration. This raises a conflict between the characters in the novel and the themes of masculinity, feminism, and dominance. While the male voice is certainly the most prominent, the female voice brings Gabriel's insecurities to light, and causes him to question his identity.
The first example of this is Gabriel's interaction with Lily, the caretaker's daughter, at the very beginning of the novel. Before he shows up to his aunt's dinner party, Gabriel is depicted as a man of importance because of the anticipation and eagerness centered about his arrival. The fact that the text focuses on him even before his arrival sets the stage for introducing him as a domina...